Table of Contents

Contents

WARNING!!!1

Source Notes1

Change Log1

Table of Contents1

PART I INTRODUCTION2

Purposes of Act2

Exception, Part V.12

Interpretation2

Interpretation, sublet7

Interpretation, abandoned7

Rental unit, clarification7

Application of Act7

Conflicts, non-profit housing co-operatives7

Conflicts, care homes7

Conflicts, mobile home parks and land lease communities7

Conflict with other Acts7

Provisions conflicting with Act void7

Same, Part V.18

Exemptions from Act8

Other exemptions9

Homes for special care, developmental services9

Rules relating to rent9

Exemptions related to social, etc., housing10

Exemption re 12-month rule10

Exemption re notice of rent increase11

Exception, subs. (1), par. 111

Same, subs. (1), par. 211

Same, subs. (1), par. 511

Rent geared-to-income11

Same, assignment, subletting11

Application to determine issues11

Order12

PART II TENANCY AGREEMENTS12

Selecting prospective tenants12

Information to be provided by landlord12

Form12

Tenancy agreement12

Name and address in written agreement12

Copy of tenancy agreement12

Notice if agreement not in writing12

Failure to comply12

After compliance13

Commencement of tenancy13

Actual entry not required13

“No pet” provisions void13

Acceleration clause void13

Minimize losses13

Covenants interdependent13

Covenants running with land13

Frustrated contracts13

PART III RESPONSIBILITIES OF LANDLORDS13

Landlord’s responsibility to repair13

Same14

Landlord’s responsibility re services14

Non-payment14

Landlord not to interfere with reasonable enjoyment14

Landlord not to harass, etc.14

Changing locks14

Privacy14

Entry without notice14

Entry without notice, emergency, consent14

Same, housekeeping14

Entry to show rental unit to prospective tenants15

Entry with notice15

Entry with notice15

Same15

Contents of notice15

Entry by canvassers16

Tenant applications16

Time limitation16

Order, repair, comply with standards16

Advance notice of breaches18

Other orders re s. 2918

Same18

Order, s. 29 (1), par. 518

Effect of order allowing tenant possession19

Expiry of order allowing tenant possession19

Eviction with termination order19

PART IV RESPONSIBILITIES OF TENANTS19

Tenant’s responsibility for cleanliness19

Tenant’s responsibility for repair of damage19

Changing locks19

Landlord application19

Order19

Tenant not to harass, etc.20

PART V SECURITY OF TENURE AND TERMINATION OF TENANCIES20

Security of Tenure20

Termination only in accordance with Act20

Termination by notice20

Termination by agreement20

When notice void20

When agreement void20

Application of subss. (4) and (5)20

Same21

Same21

Same21

Same21

Same21

Deemed renewal where no notice21

Same22

Same22

Restriction on recovery of possession22

Distress abolished22

Disposal of abandoned property if unit vacated22

Where eviction order enforced22

Same22

Liability of landlord22

Agreement23

Enforcement of landlord obligations23

Disposal of property, unit abandoned23

Same23

Same23

Tenant’s claim to property23

Same24

Same24

Same24

No liability24

Notice of Termination – General24

Notice of termination24

Same24

Period of notice25

Period of notice, daily or weekly tenancy25

Period of notice, monthly tenancy25

Period of notice, yearly tenancy25

Period of notice, tenancy for fixed term25

Period of notice, February notices25

Effect of payment25

Where notice void25

Exception26

Notice by Tenant26

Tenant’s notice to terminate, end of period or term26

Notice by Landlord at End of Period or Term26

Notice, landlord personally, etc., requires unit26

Same26

Earlier termination by tenant26

Same26

Notice, purchaser personally requires unit26

Same, condominium27

Period of notice27

Earlier termination by tenant27

Same27

Notice, demolition, conversion or repairs27

Same28

Same28

Earlier termination by tenant28

Same28

Conversion to condominium, security of tenure28

Proposed units, security of tenure28

Non-application28

Assignee of tenant not included29

Conversion to condominium, right of first refusal29

Same29

Exception29

Compensation, demolition or conversion29

Tenant’s right of first refusal, repair or renovation29

Written notice29

Rent to be charged29

Change of address30

Tenant’s right to compensation, repair or renovation30

Same30

Tenant’s right to compensation, severance30

Security of tenure, severance, subdivision30

Former tenant’s application where notice given in bad faith31

Time limitation31

Orders31

Previous determination of good faith31

Notice at end of term or period, additional grounds32

Period of notice32

Notice by Landlord Before End of Period or Term32

Non-payment of rent32

Contents of notice32

Notice void if rent paid32

Termination for cause, misrepresentation of income32

Notice33

Termination for cause, illegal act33

Notice33

Definitions33

Termination for cause, damage33

Notice33

Notice void if tenant complies34

Termination for cause, damage, shorter notice period34

Notice34

Non-application of s. 62 (2) and (3)34

Termination for cause, reasonable enjoyment34

Notice34

Notice void if tenant complies35

Termination for cause, reasonable enjoyment of landlord in small building35

Notice35

Non-application of s. 64 (2) and (3)35

Termination for cause, act impairs safety35

Same35

Termination for cause, too many persons35

Notice35

Notice void if tenant complies36

Notice of termination, further contravention36

Same36

Application by Landlord – After Notice of Termination36

Application by landlord36

Same36

Exception36

No application during remedy period36

Immediate application36

Landlord or purchaser personally requires premises37

Same37

Demolition, conversion, repairs37

Non-payment of rent37

Discontinuance of application38

Order of Board38

Payment before order becomes enforceable38

Notice of void order39

Determination that full amount paid before order becomes enforceable39

Evidence39

No hearing39

Motion by landlord39

Order of Board39

Payment after order becomes enforceable39

Exception40

Motion under subs. (11) stays eviction order40

Order of Board40

Enforcement costs40

Notice of payment40

Failure to pay41

Order for payment41

Illegal act41

Application based on animals41

Same41

Same41

Application by Landlord – No Notice of Termination41

Agreement to terminate, tenant’s notice41

Same42

Same42

Order42

Same42

Motion to set aside order42

Motion stays order42

Order of Board42

Application based on previous order, mediated settlement42

Same43

Order for payment43

Affidavit43

Time for application44

Order terminating tenancy44

Order for arrears44

Credit for rent deposit45

Motion to set aside order45

Motion stays order45

Order of Board45

Same46

Abandonment of rental unit46

Eviction Orders46

Effective date of order46

Exception, notice under s. 63 or 6646

Expiry date of order46

Tenant issues in application for non-payment of rent46

Orders46

Power of Board, eviction46

Mandatory review47

Circumstances where refusal required47

No eviction before compensation, demolition or conversion47

No eviction before compensation, repair or renovation47

Expedited eviction order47

Effect of eviction order47

Compensation for Landlord48

Compensation, unit not vacated48

Application48

Tenant issues48

Compensation, overholding tenant48

Amount of arrears of rent or compensation48

NSF cheque charges48

Arrears of rent when tenant abandons or vacates without notice48

Where landlord has given notice under s. 48, 49 or 5049

New tenancy49

Minimization of losses49

Compensation for damage49

Same50

Compensation, misrepresentation of income50

Death of Tenant50

Death of tenant50

Landlord may dispose of property50

Same50

Same51

Same51

Agreement51

Superintendent’s Premises51

Termination of tenancy51

Same51

No rent charged for week51

Application to Board51

PART V.1 TERMINATION OF OCCUPANCY — NON-PROFIT HOUSING CO-OPERATIVES51

Interpretation51

Definitions51

Non-profit housing co-operative and member not a landlord-tenant relationship52

Notice of Termination of Occupancy by Co-operative52

Notice of termination of occupancy52

Deemed termination of membership and occupancy rights53

Form, contents of notice of termination53

Same54

Termination date and other requirements in notice54

Persistent non-payment or ceasing to meet qualifications54

Non-payment of regular monthly housing charges54

Misrepresentation of income54

Illegal act, etc.54

Damage55

Damage, shorter notice period55

Interfering with reasonable enjoyment55

Impairing safety55

Too many occupants55

Further contravention55

Definitions55

Where notice void56

Same, if member pays regular monthly housing charges56

Same, if member repairs, replaces or pays for damaged property56

Same, if member stops conduct, etc.56

Same, if member reduces number of persons in member unit56

Effect of payment57

Application by Co-operative — After Notice of Termination57

Application to Board, after notice is given to member57

Same57

No application during remedy period57

When application can be made for non-payment of housing charges57

Immediate application57

No jurisdiction re Co-operative Corporations Act57

Application by Co-operative — No Notice of Termination58

Application to Board, without notice, based on member’s withdrawal, consent or notice58

Affidavit58

Same58

Order58

Same58

Motion to set aside order59

Motion stays order59

Order of Board59

Application to Board, without notice, based on previous order, mediated settlement59

Deemed termination of membership and occupancy rights60

Application of s. 78 (2) to (12)60

Refusal to Grant or Postponement of Termination of Occupancy and Eviction Orders61

Power of Board to refuse order61

Mandatory review61

Circumstances where refusal required61

Compensation for Co-operative61

Compensation, member unit not vacated61

Application for arrears, compensation61

Arrears61

Compensation, overholding member62

Amount of arrears of regular monthly housing charges or compensation62

NSF cheque and other charges62

Same62

Compensation for damage63

Same63

Board Proceedings63

Application of ss. 74 to 9063

Same63

Offences64

Offences requiring knowledge64

Other offences65

Attempts65

PART VI ASSIGNMENT, SUBLETTING AND UNAUTHORIZED OCCUPANCY65

Assignment of tenancy65

Landlord’s options, general request65

Landlord’s options, specific request65

Refusal or non-response65

Same66

Same66

Charges66

Consequences of assignment66

Application of section66

Tenant’s notice to terminate, refusal of assignment67

Same67

Subletting rental unit67

Same67

Charges67

Consequences of subletting67

Overholding subtenant67

Application of section67

Tenant application67

Time limitation67

Order re assignment, sublet68

Same68

Eviction with termination order68

Tenant’s notice, application re subtenant68

Unauthorized occupancy68

Time limitation68

Compensation68

Application of s. 87 (5)69

Overholding subtenant69

Time limitation69

Compensation, overholding subtenant69

Compensation, unauthorized occupant69

Effect of payment69

Miscellaneous new tenancy agreements69

Assignment without consent69

Overholding subtenant69

Lawful rent69

Deemed assignment69

PART VII RULES RELATING TO RENT70

General Rules70

Security deposits, limitation70

Definition70

Rent deposit may be required70

Amount of rent deposit70

Same70

Qualification70

Exception70

Interest71

Deduction applied to rent deposit71

Transition71

Deduction of interest from rent71

Rent deposit applied to last rent71

Rent deposit, prospective tenant71

Exception71

Post-dated cheques, etc.72

Receipt for payment72

Former tenant72

General Rules Governing Amount of Rent72

Landlord’s duty, rent increases72

Landlord not to charge more than lawful rent72

Lawful rent where prompt payment discount72

Lawful rent where another discount72

Lawful rent where both discounts provided72

Same73

Lawful rent where higher rent for first rental period73

Lawful rent when this section comes into force73

Lawful rent for new tenant73

Notice to new tenant, order under par. 6, 7 or 8 of s. 30 (1) in effect73

Same73

Contents of notice73

Order takes effect after tenancy agreement74

Contents of notice74

Application by new tenant74

Time for application74

Failure to comply with s. 11474

Information to be filed74

Application of s. 13574

Notice of Rent Increase75

Notice of rent increase required75

Same75

Contents of notice75

Increase void without notice75

Compliance by landlord, no notice required75

Same75

Limitation75

Effective date75

Date of annual increase76

Deemed acceptance where no notice of termination76

12-Month Rule76

12-month rule76

Exception76

Guideline76

Guideline increase76

Guideline76

Publication of guideline77

Transition77

Same77

Review by Minister77

Definition77

Agreements to Increase or Decrease Rent77

Agreement77

Form77

Maximum increase77

Right to cancel78

Agreement in force78

Notice of rent increase not required78

When prior notice void78

Tenant application78

Time limitation78

Order78

Additional services, etc.78

Application79

Coerced agreement void79

Decrease in services, etc.79

Landlord Application for Rent Increase79

Application for above guideline increase79

Interpretation79

When application made79

Information for tenants79

Rent chargeable before order80

Tenant may pay full amount80

Eligible capital expenditures80

Exception80

Same80

Order81

Limitation81

Serious breach81

Same82

Order not to apply to new tenant82

Two ordered increases82

Reductions of Rent82

Utilities82

Information for tenant82

Rent reduction83

Application83

Capital expenditures83

Reduction in services83

Same, former tenant83

Order re lawful rent83

Same84

Same, time limitation84

Municipal taxes84

Effective date84

Notice84

Same84

Same84

Application for variation85

Same85

Determination and order85

Same85

Application, reduction in municipal taxes85

Order85

Effective date85

Illegal Additional Charges85

Additional charges prohibited85

Same86

Same86

Money Collected Illegally86

Money collected illegally86

Prospective tenants86

Subtenants86

Time limitation86

Rent deemed lawful86

Increase deemed lawful87

s. 122 prevails87

PART VIII SUITE METERS AND APPORTIONMENT OF UTILITY COSTS87

Suite meters87

Interruption in supply87

Termination of obligation to supply electricity87

Information for tenants88

Limitation88

Revising agreements88

Information for prospective tenants88

Other circumstances where information required88

Electricity conservation and efficiency obligations88

Same, other prescribed circumstances89

Tenant’s application89

Order, general89

Order, breach of subs. (3), (4) or (5)89

Eviction with termination order89

Determination re capital expenditures89

Charges, fees and security deposits90

Interference with a vital service, reasonable enjoyment90

Lease provisions void90

Apportionment of utility costs90

Not a service90

Termination of tenancy prohibited90

Information for prospective tenants91

Utility conservation and efficiency obligations91

Tenant’s application91

Order, general91

Order, breach of subs. (1)92

Eviction with termination order92

Determination re capital expenditures92

PART IX CARE HOMES92

Responsibilities of Landlords and Tenants92

Agreement required92

Contents of agreement92

Compliance92

Information to tenant93

Effect of non-compliance93

Tenancy agreement: consultation, cancellation93

Tenancy agreement: right to consult93

Cancellation93

Entry to check condition of tenant93

Right to revoke provision93

Assignment, subletting in care homes93

Notice of termination93

Period of notice94

Termination, care homes94

Care services and meals94

Same94

Same94

Notice of termination, demolition, conversion or repairs94

Same94

External care providers94

Transferring tenancy95

Application95

Order95

Mandatory mediation95

Same95

Rules Related to Rent and Other Charges95

Rent in care home95

Notice of increased charges95

Contents of notice95

Effect of non-compliance95

Certain charges permitted96

Same96

PART X MOBILE HOME PARKS AND LAND LEASE COMMUNITIES96

General96

Application96

Same; land lease communities96

Interpretation96

Responsibilities of Landlords and Tenants96

Park rules96

Failure to comply96

After compliance96

Information about property assessment96

Suspension of tenant’s obligation to pay97

Exception97

After compliance97

Tenant’s right to sell, etc.97

Landlord as agent97

Same97

Landlord’s right of first refusal97

Same98

Same98

Landlord’s purchase at reduced price98

Advertising a sale98

For sale signs98

Alternative method of advertising a sale98

Assignment98

Time for application98

Contents of application99

Deemed consent99

Restraint of trade prohibited99

Standards99

Responsibility of landlord99

Termination of Tenancies99

Mobile home abandoned99

Notice to tenant100

Landlord may dispose of mobile home100

Same100

Same100

Same100

No liability100

Death of mobile home owner100

Termination under s. 50100

Same101

Rules Related to Rent and Other Charges101

Assignment of existing tenancy agreement101

Entrance and exit fees limited101

Increased capital expenditures101

Definition101

PART XI THE LANDLORD AND TENANT BOARD102

Board102

Remuneration and expenses102

Public servant members102

Chair and vice-chair102

Same102

Chair, chief executive officer102

Quorum102

Conflict of interest102

Expiry of term102

Power to determine law and fact103

Members, mediators not compellable103

Rules and Guidelines Committee103

Committee shall adopt rules103

Committee may adopt guidelines103

Means of adoption103

Make public103

Information on rights and obligations103

Definition103

Employees103

Professional assistance104

Reports104

Annual report104

Further reports and information104

Tabled with Assembly104

Board may set, charge fees104

Same104

Make fees public104

Fee waiver or deferral for low-income individuals104

Purpose104

Fee refunded, review105

Money appropriated by Legislature105

Status of money paid to Board105

Revenues paid into CRF105

Trust money to Board paid to Minister105

Payment out of money held in trust105

Surplus interest105

No liability re interest above prescribed rate105

Definition105

Delegation of powers105

Subject to conditions, etc.106

Subdelegation106

Deeds and contracts106

PART XII BOARD PROCEEDINGS106

Definitions106

Expeditious procedures106

SPPA applies106

Exception106

Exception106

Form of application106

Application filed by representative107

Combining applications107

Same107

Same107

Parties107

Add or remove parties107

Service107

Service of application107

Service of notice of hearing107

Certificate of service107

Repeal of section 188107

Notice by Board108

Exception108

Board may extend, shorten time108

Same109

How notice or document given109

Same, Part V.1109

When notice deemed valid110

Mail110

How notice or document given to Board110

Same110

Time110

Board may mediate110

Settlement may override Act110

Restriction110

Successful mediation110

Hearing111

Money paid to Board111

Rules re money paid111

No payment after final order111

Effect of failure to pay under cl. (1) (a)111

Effect of payment under cl. (1) (b)111

Board may refuse to proceed if money owing111

Definition111

Where Board may dismiss112

Same112

Joinder and severance of applications112

Applications joined112

Applications severed112

Application severed112

Amendment and withdrawal of applications112

Amend application112

Withdraw application112

Same, harassment112

Same113

Other powers of Board113

Same113

Same113

Parties may view premises with Board113

Findings of Board113

Exception114

Determinations related to housing assistance114

Determinations related to non-profit housing co-operative housing charges114

Conditions in order114

Order re costs114

Same114

Same114

Same114

Order payment114

Payment of order by instalments115

Same115

Same115

Agreement to settle matter115

Contents of order115

Restriction115

Request by landlord116

Request by landlord or tenant116

Timing116

Copy of request, notice of hearing116

Condition116

Same116

Application to non-profit housing co-operatives116

Same116

Hearing officers117

Powers of hearing officer117

Applications117

Order of Board117

Monetary jurisdiction; deduction of rent; interest117

Monetary jurisdiction of Board117

Same117

Same118

Minimum amount118

Order may provide deduction from rent or regular monthly housing charges118

Same118

Post-judgment interest118

Definition — “member”118

Notice of decision118

Same118

Order final, binding118

Power to review119

Appeal rights119

Board to receive notice119

Board may be heard by counsel119

Powers of Court119

Same119

Board may appeal Court decision119

Substantial compliance sufficient119

Electronic documents119

Contingency fees, limitation119

Same120

PART XIII MUNICIPAL VITAL SERVICES BY-LAWS120

Definition120

By-laws respecting vital services120

Exception120

Contents of vital services by-law120

Notice by supplier121

Same121

Inspection121

Same121

Services by municipality121

Lien121

No special lien121

Certificate122

Interim certificate122

Appeal122

Payments transferred122

Effect of payment122

Use of money122

Accounting and payment of balance122

Immunity122

Same122

PART XIV MAINTENANCE STANDARDS123

Prescribed standards and complaints123

Application of prescribed standards123

Minister to receive complaints123

Complaints to be investigated123

Cost of inspection123

Same123

Inspector’s work order123

Same123

Review of work order124

Order124

PART XV ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT124

Duties of Minister124

Delegation124

Investigators and inspectors124

Inspections124

Samples125

Same125

Receipt125

Evidence125

Where warrant required125

Not applicable to non-profit housing co-operatives125

Warrant125

Seizure125

Expiry126

Time of execution126

Other matters126

Protection from personal liability126

Crown liability126

PART XVI OFFENCES126

Offences requiring knowledge126

Other offences127

Harassment, interference with reasonable enjoyment129

Exception129

Attempts129

Directors and officers129

Penalties129

Same129

Limitation129

Same129

Evidence130

Proof of filed documents130

Proof of making130

Proof of making, Board or Minister130

True copies130

PART XVII REGULATIONS130

Regulations130

Same135

PART XVIII TRANSITION135

Applications made under Tenant Protection Act, 1997135

Default orders135

Powers on eviction applications135

Eviction orders for arrears of rent136

Eviction and other orders for arrears of rent136

Breach of landlord’s responsibility to repair136

Application for above guideline increase136

Proceedings before other bodies under earlier legislation136

Orders, etc., under former Act136

Information from former Rent Registry136

Application136

Use of certain forms136